Stage 10, JĘZYKI

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STAGE 10
955 LESSON 144
SHADE
SHADOW OVERHEAD PROJECTOR
cień, odcień, osłonić
cień
nad głową projektor
BEAM
SCREEN
OLD - FASHIONED
wiązka światła
ekran
staroświecki
WHAT'S THE OPPOSITE OF "TO SIT IN THE SUN"? The opposite of "to sit in
the sun" is "to sit in the shade"
WHAT SHADE OF BLUE DO YOU PREFER-A LIGHT SHADE OR A DARK
SHADE ?
I prefer a... shade of blue
WHAT AM I PRETENDING TO DO?/
You're pretending to shade your
eyes from the sun
By the word "shadow", we generally mean a dark shape thrown onto a surface by an
object standing in front of a light For example, if we put the light on in this room
and held our hand over the table, we would be able to see the shadow of our hand
upon the table.
WHAT DO WE GENERALLY MEAN BY THE WORD "SHADOW"? By the
word "shadow" we generally mean a dark shape thrown onto a
surface by an object standing in front of a light
GIVE ME AN EXAMPLE, PLEASE !/ When the sun rises in the morning, the
houses etc. throw long shadows on the ground, whilst at
midday, with the sun overhead, the shadows are short
956 A T T HE C I NE MA, WHE N S OM EO NE P A S SES I N F RO N T O F T HE
PROJECTOR AND SO CUTS THE BEAM OF LIGHT, WHAT DO WE SEE
APPEAR ON THE SCREEN ?
At the cinema, when ... we see the shadow of the
person's head appear on the screen
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DO YOU LIKE OLD-FASHIONED HOUSES WHERE THE CEILINGS ARE
SUPPORTED BY BIG WOODEN BEAMS ?/
Yes, I like old-fashioned ...
or... No, I don't like ...
WOULD YOU LIKE TO LIVE IN SUCH A HOUSE ?
Yes, I'd like to ... or...
No, I wouldn't...
CHEER dodawać CHEERS CHEER UP! WINNER CONCERT
otuchy, skandować okrzyki
głowa do góry zwycięzca koncert
HIP! HIP! HURRAY! (OR, HURRAH!) hip, hip, hura
SUPPOSING I WERE THE SPORTS MASTER AT A SCHOOL AND AFTER A
GAME I SAID "THREE CHEERS FOR THE WINNERS", WHAT WOULD I
THEN SHOUT, AND WHAT WOULD THE PLAYERS SHOUT IN REPLY ?/
Supposing you were the ... you would shout "Hip! Hip!"
and the players would shout "Hurray", both you
and the players repeating this three times
957 WHAT DO PEOPLE DO AT A CONCERT WHEN THE PERFORMANCE HAS
BEEN VERY GOOD? People cheer at a concert when the performance ...
WHAT DOES IT MEAN : "CHEER UP! THINGS ARE NOT AS BAD AS
THEY SEEM" ? "Cheer up! Things are not as bad as they seem" means that someone
is telling us not to be so miserable, as the situation that is making us unhappy is not as
serious as it appears to be
DIRECT TELEPHONING CONTACT (v) TELEPHONE EXCHANGE
bezpośredni telefonując kontaktować się centrala telefoniczna
ENGLISH CHANNEL CHANNEL DOVER CALAIS CURVE
Kanał La Manche
kanał
Dover
Calais
zakrzywienie
COURSE
OFF COURSE
CURRENT
MAINLAND
kurs
z kursu
prąd
kontynent
TAKE THE NAME
DIRECTLY
STRAITS
bierze nazwę
bezpośrednio
cieśnina
958 WHEN TELEPHONING FROM YOUR HOME TOWN, ARE YOU ABLE TO
CONTACT PEOPLE IN OTHER COUNTRIES DIRECTLY-OR DO YOU HAVE
TO GO THROUGH THE LOCAL TELEPHONE EXCHANGE ?/
When telephoning from ... I can be put... or
... When telephoning ... I have to go ...
DIRECT ME TO THE NEAREST POST OFFICE FROM HERE, PLEASE !
You go out of the building, turn ...
WHEN SWIMMERS SWIM THE ENGLISH CHANNEL, DO THEY SWIM IN A
DIRECT LINE FROM DOVER TO CALAIS ? No, when swimmers ... they don't
swim in ... but they swim in a curve
WHY IS THIS?
Because if they tried to go in a direct line, they'd be carried
off course by the strong current and land not at Calais
but somewhere further along the coast
Some people wonder what right the English have to call the channel between England
and France the English Channel. Usually the water between the mainland and an
island takes the name of the island or the name of a town on the island. For
example, the sea of Japan, the Straits of Gibraltar or the Straits of Messina.
WHAT DO YOU DO DIRECTLY THE LESSON IS OVER ?/ I... directly
the lesson is over ...
959 DO YOU THINK YOU'D BE ANY GOOD AT DIRECTING A LARGE
BUSINESS ? Yes, I think I'd be good at... or... No, I don't think I'd be any good at..
FELLOW ASSOCIATE COMRADE FELLOW-WORKER
facet, kolega, członek partner
towarzysz współpracownik
SCHOOL - FELLOW
kolega szkolny
SOCIETY
stowarzyszenie
A fellow is a male person. We sometimes use the word for a man whose name we don't
know, e.g. "Who was that fellow I saw you with yesterday ?" Another meaning of
the word fellow is "associate" or "comrade", e.g. fellow-worker, school-fellow, etc. A
third meaning of the word fellow is a member of a learned society, e.g. a Fellow of
the Royal Society, or a Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge.
WHAT ARE THE THREE MEANINGS OF THE WORD "FELLOW" ? - AND
GIVE ME AN EXAMPLE OF EACH. The three meanings of... are:
1) A man whose name we don't know, e.g. Who was that fellow ... ?
2) An associate or comrade, e.g. fellow-worker ... 3) A member
of a learned society, e.g. Fellow of the Royal Society ...
WILL - WOULD
TO BE IN THE HABIT OF/
mieć zwyczaj
960
The words "will" and "would" can be used with the meaning of "to be in the habit or*.
For example, "He
will
sit in his chair by the fire for hours and hours smoking his
pipe and not saying a word", or, "In the old days he
would
sit in his chair by the fire
GIVE ME AN EXAMPLE OF "WILL" AND "WOULD" USED WITH THE MEAN-
ING OF "TO BE IN THE HABIT OF". "The birds
will
come here every day to be
fed" or "The birds
would
come here every day to be fed"
CAMERA
aparat fotograficzny
TAKE A PHOTOGRAPH
zrobić zdjęcie
WHAT DO WE DO WITH CAMERAS?/
We take photos with cameras
JUICE
sok
WHICH'S YOUR FAVOURITE FRUIT JUICE ?
My favourite ...
NEST
gniazdo
TAKE ADVANTAGE OF
skorzystać z
WHAT DO WE CALL THE HOME A BIRD BUILDS FOR ITSELF? We call
the home... a nest
WHAT DO WE MEAN WHEN WE SAY SOMEONE HAS FEATHERED HIS
NEST ? When we say someone has ... we mean, usually in an unpleasant way, that
someone has taken advantage of a certain situation, and all he has thought about is
making money out of the situation: he has put the money into the bank in order
to live a comfortable life, rather like a bird that feathers its
nest in order to make it comfortable
961
NOON
południe
WHAT'S ANOTHER WORD FOR MIDDAY ?
Another word ... is noon
RARE
rzadki
NAME ME A RARE METAL.
Gold is a rare metal
DICTATION 83 UNDONE
odwiązany, otworzony, nieskończony
The boy whistled to himself/ as he cycled down the empty street./ The evil deed has been
done/ and cannot be undone,/ so we must accept the fact/ and stop crying about it./ Every
now and again/ we have to grease our cars/ if we want them to run properly./ The girl sat
cutting the pink cloth up/ into small pieces./ In the discussion that followed,/ Arthur lost
his temper/ and began to quarrel violently.
LESSON 145
JOKE
żart
DO YOU LIKE PEOPLE WHO ARE ALWAYS LAUGHING AND JOKING ?
Yes, I like people who ... or... No, I don't ...
CAN YOU TELL US A JOKE ?
Yes, I can tell you a joke - "A man ..."
... or... No, I can't...
962
HIRE
wynająć
The word "hire" is similar in meaning to the words "rent" and "let", but sometimes
it is used differently. For example, although we hire or rent a car, we don't hire a
house - we rent it. On the other hand we don't rent a servant to help us for a day -
we hire him./
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "HIRE" AND "RENT" ? The difference ...
is that we hire or rent a car but not a house
... we don't rent a servant... but hire him
LONELY LONELINESS SADNESS SADLY DEFINITION
samotny/-ie samotność
smutek
smutny definicja
HUGE
ogromny, wielki
EMPEROR
cesarz, imperator
The word "alone" means "without company, by oneself, by itself etc For example,
"I live alone" or "The house stood alone". The word "lonely", on the other hand,
expresses a feeling of sadness which can be caused by being alone. For example,
"He sat down sadly by the river looking the perfect picture of loneliness."/
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "ALONE" AND "LONELY" ?
The difference ... is that "alone" means "without company"
... whilst "lonely" expresses a feeling of sadness ...
963
Despite these two definitions, it doesn't follow that one feels lonely because one is
alone, neither does it mean that one can't feel lonely in company - one is a physical
condition, whilst the other is a spiritual condition. For example, one can say "I live
all alone, but I never feel lonely" or "I suddenly felt terribly lonely standing there in
the middle of that huge crowd."/
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