Stage 5, Metoda Callana

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STAGE 5
338 L E S S O N 5 9
LIE
COMFORTABLE
UNCOMFORTABLE
leżeć
wygodny
niewygodny
IS THE BOOK STANDING ON THE TABLE? No, the book isn't standing on the
table, but it's lying on the table
HOW LONG DO YOU USUALLY LIE IN BED AT NIGHT FOR ? I usually lie
in bed at night for about... hours
IS IT MORE COMFORTABLE TO SLEEP LYING DOWN OR SITTING UP?/
It's more comfortable to sleep lying dovm than sitting up
WAKE UP
obudzić się
IMMEDIATELY
natychmiast
DO YOU GENERALLY WAKE UP EARLY ? Yes, I generally wake up early ...
or... No, I don't...
WHAT'S THE FIRST THING YOU SEE WHEN YOU WAKE UP ? The first
thing I see when I wake up is ...
DO YOU USUALLY GET UP IMMEDIATELY AFTER YOU WAKE UP ?/
No, I don't usually get up immediately after I wake up, but
I lie in bed for a few minutes
339
THROUGH
przez
BUTTON
guzik
WHAT AM I DOING ? You're putting your pen through the button-hole
of your jacket
DO YOU LIKE WALKING THROUGH THE STREETS IN THE RAIN?
Yes, I like walking through the streets in the rain ...
or... No, I don't like ...
IF YOU WENT FROM LONDON TO ROME, WHICH CITIES WOULD YOU
PERHAPS HAVE TO GO THROUGH?/ If I went from London to Rome,
I would perhaps have to go through Paris, Milan etc.
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CROSS
krzyż
CROSSROADS
skrzyżowanie
WHAT'S THIS? It's a cross
DO YOU WRITE YOUR NAME WITH A CROSS? No, I don't write my name
with a cross
WHY NOT ? Because people would not understand it, and besides I know how to write
ARE THERE ANY CROSSROADS AT THE END OF THE STREET WHERE
YOU LIVE?/
Yes, there are some crossroads at the end of the street where I
live ... or ... No, there aren't any ...
340
DANGER DANGEROUS DANGEROUSLY DETECTIVE JAMES
niebezpieczeństwo niebezpieczny niebezpiecznie detektyw Jakub
WHAT COLOUR DO WE USE FOR DANGER ? We use red for danger
DO YOU THINK THE ROADS ARE LESS DANGEROUS THESE DAYS
THAN THEY WERE IN THE PAST? No, I don't think the roads are
less dangerous these days than they were in the
past, but I think they're more dangerous
WHY ?/ Because there are more cars on the roads these days than in the past
WOULD YOU LIKE TO LIVE DANGEROUSLY LIKE A DETECTIVE:
SOMEBODY LIKE JAMES BOND OR SHERLOCK HOLMES, FOR
EXAMPLE ?
Yes, I would like to live dangerously like a
detective ... or ... No, I wouldn't...
OUGHT ALTERNATIVE UNDER A MORAL OBLIGATION
powinien, -em, -na, -no wybór, alternatywa pod moralnym przymusem
341
In these two sentences, "I must study" and "I ought to study", / the first sentence
means that I have no alternative, I must study;/ whilst the second sentence means
that I have an alternative, I can go to the cinema if I like, or for a walk,/ but I am
under a moral obligation to study./ It would be a good thing if I studied./
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESE TWO SENTENCES: "I MUST
STUDY" AND "I OUGHT TO STUDY" ? The difference between those
two sentences is that the first sentence means that I have no
alternative ... whilst the second sentence means I have an
alternative ... but I am under a moral obligation to study
HOW DO WE TRANSLATE "I MUST STUDY" ? We translate "I must study" with...
AND HOW DO WE TRANSLATE "I OUGHT TO STUDY" ?/
We
translate
"I ought to study" with ...
DO YOU THINK PEOPLE OUGHT TO BE POLITE IN THE SHOPS AND
STREETS ?
Yes, I think people ought to be polite in the shops and
streets
DO YOU AGREE THAT PUPILS OUGHT TO STUDY HARD ? Yes, I agree that
pupils ought to study hard
DO YOU AGREE THAT YOUNG PEOPLE OUGHT TO HELP THE OLD ?/
Yes, I agree that young people ought to help the old
342 WHAT OUGHT WE TO DO WHEN SOMEBODY IS DANGEROUSLY ILL ?
When somebody is dangerously ill, we ought
to put him to bed and call for a doctor
WHAT DO YOU THINK ONE OUGHT TO DO IF ONE WANTED TO EARN
A LOT OF MONEY ?
I think one ought to work hard or go
into
business if one wanted to earn a lot of money
CAUSE
THINK OF
FREEDOM JUSTICE/
powodować, przyczyna myśleć o
wolność
sprawiedliwość
WHAT DO YOU THINK CAUSES WAR ? I think, perhaps, the fact that some
countries are rich and strong whilst others are poor and weak causes war
CAN YOU THINK OF A CAUSE FOR WHICH YOU WOULD BE WILLING
TO DIE ? - IF SO, WHICH ? Yes, I can think of a cause for which
I would be willing to die: the cause of freedom ...
WHAT KIND OF CAUSES DO PEOPLE USUALLY DIE FOR?/ People usually
die for the causes of freedom or of justice
AS ponieważ
AS WE HAVE NOW STUDIED ABOUT A THOUSAND WORDS AND A LOT
OF THE GRAMMAR, CAN YOU HOLD A SIMPLE CONVERSATION IN
ENGLISH ?
Yes, as we have now studied about a thousand words and a lot of
the
grammar, I can hold a simple conversation in
English
343 AS YOU ARE NOT TALL ENOUGH TO TOUCH THE CEILING, WHAT
WOULD YOU HAVE TO DO IF YOU WANTED TO TOUCH IT ?/ As I am
not tall enough to touch the ceiling, I would have to put a
chair on the table and stand on the chair if I wanted to
touch it
THAT IS
to jest...
GIVE ME A SENTENCE WITH "THAT IS" IN IT. We went to their house after
the cinema; that is, the house where they lived until last week
BONE
kość
HAVE YOU EVER BROKEN ANY OF THE BONES IN YOUR BODY ?
Yes, I've broken some of the bones in my body ... or ... No, I've never broken any of ...
WHEN ? HOW ?
ALTHOUGH
chociaż
MAKE A SENTENCE WITH THE WORD "ALTHOUGH" IN IT/ Although
I've seen the film before, I would willingly see it again
ALTHOUGH YOU'RE NOW ABLE TO HOLD A SIMPLE CONVERSATION IN
ENGLISH, DO YOU THINK YOU OUGHT TO KEEP STUDYING ?
Yes, although I'm now able to hold a simple conversation in
English, I think I ought to keep studying
344 DO YOU THINK PEOPLE CAN BE HAPPY ALTHOUGH THEY ARE POOR?
Yes, I think people can be happy although they are poor ...
or ... No, I don't think...
COOK
gotować
CAN YOU COOK?/
Yes, I can cook ... or ... No, I can't cook
SUCH AS
taki(a)jak
GIVE ME A SENTENCE WITH THE WORDS "SUCH AS"./ I like reading all
kinds of books, such as history books, science books ... etc.
INDEPENDENT
niezależny
DO YOU THINK THAT ALL THE COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD OUGHT
TO BE INDEPENDENT?
Yes, I think that all the countries of the world
ought to be independent... or ... No, I don't think...
ORIGIN
początek, źródło
DO YOU KNOW THE ORIGIN OF THE FLAG OF YOUR COUNTRY ?
Yes, I know the origin of the flag of my country... or
... No, I don't know ...
345
DICTATION 34
SPECIAL
specjalny
If I can persuade/ somebody to buy my car/ before I go away,/ I'll sell it/ for almost nothing./
It is worth paying a little more,/ and going to a good hairdresser./ In some ways life today
is harder/ than it was in the past,/ whilst in other ways/ it is easier or softer./ If I receive a
call from him,/ I shall stay./ It is an ordinary paint factory;/ it makes nothing special./
What song do you suggest/ we get him to give us/ if he is not too tired?
LESSON 60
BELONG
należeć
WHY DON'T YOU TAKE THIS BOOK HOME WITH YOU AFTER THE
LESSON ? I don't take that book home with me after the lesson,
because it doesn't belong to me
WHO DOES THAT PEN BELONG TO ? This pen belongs to me
IF A FACTORY BELONGED TO YOU, DO YOU THINK YOU WOULD BE
ABLE TO MAKE A LOT OF MONEY?/ Yes, if a factory belonged to me,
I think I would be able to make a lot of money
THROW
rzucać
WHAT AM I GOING TO DO ? You're going to throw your pen at the window
346 DO YOU THINK YOU COULD THROW A STONE FARTHER THAN I CAN ?
Yes, I think I could throw a stone farther than you
can ... or ... No, I don't think I could ...
DEAD
nieżywy
ALIVE
żywy
IS NAPOLEON ALIVE TODAY ? No, Napoleon isn't alive today, but he's dead
IF YOU WENT TO BED VERY LATE TONIGHT, WOULD YOU FEEL
HALF DEAD TOMORROW MORNING IF YOU HAD TO GET UP EARLY ?/
Yes, if 1 went to bed very late tonight, I would feel half
dead tomorrow morning if I had to get up very early
IS IT PLEASANT TO SEE A DEAD PERSON ? No, it isn't pleasant to see a dead
person, but it's unpleasant
DO MOST PEOPLE FEEL ALIVE WHEN THEY HAVE SOME UNPLEASANT
WORK TO DO ?
No, most people don't feel alive when they have some
unpleasant work to do, but they feel half dead
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