Stage 8, Metoda Callana, fuszki do callana

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STAGE 8
686 LESSON 110
A LETTER TO A FRIEND
RECENT
ENVELOPE NATURALLY
SO - SO
nowy, osatni koperta
naturalnie
tak sobie, taki sobie
Dear Mary,
Thank you for your letter. I am sorry to hear that you have not been very well
recently. I hope you will get better soon. When you do get better, I would like you to
come and see me, as I have something rather special to show you.
Yours sincerely,
Joan
Instead of "Dear Mary", Joan might have written "Dear Miss Smith" (or Dear
Ms Smith). It naturally depends on how well Joan knows Mary Smith and how
close their friendship is. On the envelope Joan would write Mary's name and
address:
Miss Mary Smith,
129 Wellington Rd.,
Leeds,
Yorkshire /
The title "Miss" is used for single women, and "Mrs." for married women, whilst
"Ms" is used when it is not known if the woman is married or single, or for
women who do not think such married or single titles should be used, as they are
not used for men. The title "Mr." does not show if a man is married or not.
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687 WHEN WE WRITE A LETTER TO A FRIEND, WHERE DO WE PUT OUR
NAME AND ADDRESS ON THE LETTER PAPER?/ When we write ... we put
... in the top right-hand corner ...
WHAT DO WE CALL THE PERSON WE ARE WRITING TO ? We call the
... Dear Mary, Dear Miss Smith etc., depending on how close the friendship is
HOW DO WE CLOSE THE LETTER ? We close the letter with "Sincerely Joan,
Henry" etc.
WHAT DO WE WRITE ON THE ENVELOPE ? ... Miss Mary Smith
129 Wellington Road,
Leeds, Yorkshire
WHAT IS THE MOST RECENT FILM YOU HAVE SEEN?/ The most... is ...
WHAT WAS IT LIKE; THAT IS, WAS IT GOOD OR BAD OR JUST SO'SO ?
It was ... or... It wasn't...
SO = VERY
bardzo
WHY DO YOU SUPPOSE FILMS ARE SO POPULAR ? I suppose films ...
because we can see how other people live
without suffering what they suffer etc....
688
TO LOOK FORWARD TO = TO WAIT FOR WITH PLEASURE /
oczekiwać na coś (kogoś)
WHAT KIND OF THINGS DO YOU LOOK FORWARD TO MOST ? The kind
of things I... are ...
LET ME SEE = ALLOW ME TO THINK, OR, GIVE ME TIME TO
pozwól mi pomyśleć
THINK
WHAT DOES THE EXPRESSION "LET ME SEE" MEAN ? The expression ...
"Allow me to think", or, "give me time to think"
ON WHAT KIND OF OCCASION DO WE USE IT?/ The kind of occasion on
which we use it is when we are thinking about something
and we are not quite sure of the answer
CHANCE WORKMAN
DISMISS JUNGLE FIFTY-FIFTY
szansa
pracownik
zwolnić dżungla
po połowie
689
TAKE A CHANCE
skorzystać z okazji
IF YOU WERE THE OWNER OF A BUSINESS AND ONE OF YOUR
WORKMEN STOLE SOMETHING FROM THE BUSINESS, WOULD YOU
GIVE HIM A SECOND CHANCE, OR WOULD YOU DISMISS HIM AT
ONCE ?
If I were the ... from the business, I'd ...
WHY?/
SUPPOSING THERE WAS A PLACE, SHALL WE SAY, SOMEWHERE
IN THE MIDDLE OF THE JUNGLE OF SOUTH AMERICA, WHERE YOU
KNEW FOR SURE THAT THERE WAS ABOUT A MILLION POUNDS'
WORTH OF GOLD, BUT THE CHANCES OF RETURNING FROM THERE
ALIVE WERE ONLY ABOUT FIFTY-FIFTY, WOULD YOU GO AND TAKE A
CHANCE AND TRY YOUR LUCK, OR WOULD YOU JUST STAY AT
HOME AND DREAM ABOUT IT?
Supposing there was ... where I
knew ... only fifty-fifty, I'd ...
WHY?/
WHISTLE
gwizdać
WHAT AM I DOING ? You're whistling
DEED
czyn, uczynek
690 WHY SHOULD WE JUDGE A PERSON BY HIS DEEDS MORE THAN BY
HIS WORDS ? We should judge a... because it's easier to say things than to do them
GREASE
smar, tłuszcz
WHAT DO WE USE GREASE FOR ?
We use ... a car
PINK
różowy
WHAT DO WE MEAN WHEN WE SAY THAT SOMEONE'S IN THE PINK
OF CONDITION ?/
When we say that... we mean that they are in
good health because their face is a pink colour...
SCISSORS
nożyczki
WHAT DO WE USE A PAIR OF SCISSORS FOR?
We use ... cutting ...
NAIL paznokieć, gwóźdź
TO THE POINT
trafny, do rzeczy
IDIOM 13
HIT THE NAIL RIGHT ON THE HEAD = to say something exactly to the point
trafić w sedno
e.g. What you've just said has really hit the nail right on the head.
WHAT DOES THE IDIOM "HIT THE NAIL RIGHT ON THE HEAD" MEAN ?
The idiom ..."to say something exactly to the point"
691 GIVE ME AN EXAMPLE, PLEASE ! What he said hit the nail right on the head,
and we could see the problem perfectly
LESSON 111
CONTROL
kontrola, kontrolować
EDUCATION
edukacja
DO YOU THINK THAT PARENTS SHOULD HAVE SOME CONTROL
OVER THE EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN ? Yes, I think that... or ... No, I
don't think that... any ...
WHY OR WHY NOT ?
IF YOU WERE IN A BUS GOING DOWNHILL AND THE DRIVER
SUDDENLY LOST CONTROL OF THE BUS, WHATD YOU DO ?/ If I were
... I'd jump out of the window perhaps ...
DUE należy, należność
DUE TO
spowodowany
WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU DON'T PAY YOUR ELECTRICITY BILL WHEN
IT IS DUE? If I don't pay... they come and cut the electricity off...
WHEN ARE YOU DUE TO COME HERE AGAIN ? I'm due to ...
WHY DON'T TRAINS ALWAYS ARRIVE WHEN THEY ARE DUE ? / Trains
don't... because of bad weather or accidents etc.
692 WHEN A MAN IS RICH, DO YOU THINK IT'S DUE TO THE FACT THAT
HE'S MORE INTELLIGENT THAN MOST OTHER MEN, OR DO YOU THINK
IT’S MAINLY DUE TO LUCK ?
When a man ... I think it's ...
GRANDFATHER
dziadek
GREAT-GRANDFATHER
pradziadek
GRANDMOTHER
babcia
GREAT - GRANDMOTHER
prababcia
IS YOUR GRANDMOTHER STILL ALIVE ? Yes, my ... or ... No, my ...
WHAT DO WE CALL OUR GRANDFATHER'S FATHER ?
We call... our
great-grandfather
MOSTLY
przeważnie, głównie
ARE THE PEOPLE IN THIS COUNTRY MOSTLY TEA - DRINKERS
OR COFFEE - DRINKERS ? / The people in ... are mostly ...
DO YOU THINK THAT PASSING EXAMS IS MOSTLY A QUESTION OF
LUCK ?
Yes, I think ... or ... No, I don't...
DISCUSS - DISCUSSION
ARGUE - ARGUMENT
dyskutować - dyskusja
sprzeczać się - nieporozumienie, sprzeczka
693
QUARREL
1750
EXAMINE
REASON (v)
kłótnia
egzaminować, zbadać wyciągać wnioski, rozumować
To discuss something usually means that we wish to examine a particular subject
In a discussion people may perhaps disagree with each other, but the discussion
seldom becomes unpleasant.
When we argue with someone, it means that we don't agree with what they
say, and often the argument can become a little unpleasant
A quarrel, on the other hand, is definitely unpleasant, and can finish with both
sides shouting at each other.
Therefore, we could say that two people could begin by quietly discussing a
subject, the discussion could then develop into an argument, and the argument
could finish in a quarrel./
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "TO DISCUSS, TO ARGUE" AND "TO
QUARREL" ? The difference ... to discuss means we wish to examine ... to argue
means we don't agree ... a quarrel is definitely unpleasant...
WHY DO PEOPLE ARGUE ? People argue because some people always disagree with
everything other people say. It is often in their nature to do so.
Other people like to give their opinion on every single
matter. Others like to learn by argument... etc.
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