Standard Catalog of World Coins 1901-2000 37th Edition, Kolekcjonerstwo, Monety, Katalogi, Krause

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1
WORLD
COINS
37
th
OFFICIAL
Edition
1901-2000
Thomas Michael
George Cuhaj
Harry Miller
Market Analyst
Editor
U.S. Market Analyst
Merna Dudley Deborah McCue Kay Sanders
Coordinating Editor Database Specialist Editorial Assistant
Special Contributors
Serge Huard
Craig Keplinger
Rudi Lotter
Juozas Minikevicius
Bullion Value (VB) Market Valuations
Valuations for all platinum, gold, palladium and silver coins of the more common, basically bullion types, or those
possessing only modest numismatic premiums are presented in this edition based on the market ranges of:
$
1,000 -
$
1,200
per ounce for
platinum
$
850 -
$
950
per ounce for
gold
$
200 -
$
225
per ounce for
palladium
$
12.50 -
$
15.00
per ounce for
silver
2010 Standard Catalog of
®
 2
©2009 Krause Publications, Inc., a subsidiary of F+W Media, Inc.
Published by
Our toll-free number to place an order or obtain
a free catalog is (800) 258-0929.
All rights reserved. No portion of this publication may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval
system, without permission in writing from the publisher, except by a
reviewer who may quote brief passages in a critical article or review to
be printed in a magazine or newspaper, or electronically transmitted on
radio, television, or the Internet.
ISSN 1939-814X
ISBN-13: 978-0-89689-814-1
ISBN-10: 0-89689-814-8
Designed by: Stacy Bloch
Edited by: Debbie Bradley
Printed in the United States of America
 TABLE OF CONTENTS
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction............................................................................. 4
Acknowledgments................................................................... 5
How To Use The DVD............................................................. 6
How To Use This Catalog ....................................................... 8
Submitting Electronic Image Guide ...................................... 12
Standard International Numeral Systems ............................ 13
Country Index ....................................................................... 14
Hejira Date Chart.................................................................. 17
Foreign Exchange ................................................................ 18
THANKS FOR YEARS OF SERVICE
The numismatic editorial staff at Krause Publications would like to recognize
the recent retirement of two key contributors to the
Standard Catalog of World
Coins
catalogs.
Colin R. Bruce II joined the Krause Publications numismatics staff in April
1974. Prior to joining KP, he had worked as a full-time dealer in world coins and
paper money. He is an expert on modern Eastern/Oriental coinages and paper
money, which was a valuable asset in developing the
Standard Catalog of
World Coins
into four successful century editions. From these we developed
the
Standard Catalog of World Gold Coins, Collecting World Coins
and other
more specialized titles.
Colin R. Bruce II
Fred Borgmann joined Krause Publications on Aug 2, 1976, as a new issues
editor and a numismatic jack-of-all-trades. He has been involved with the
Standard
Catalog of World Coins
as a contributor since its inception. Previously, he was a
coin cataloger for Jess Peters Inc.
Colin and Fred, thank you for your years of dedication to the hobby and to the
Krause Publications vast database of world coins.
Fred Borgmann
 4
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
You hold in your hands the latest in the long series of
Standard Catalog of World Coin
books. This new edition
of the longest running annual world coin catalog repre-
sents a great deal of hard work, dedication and years of
development from hundreds of loyal contributors com-
prised of coin collectors, coin dealers, editors, research-
ers, photographers, programmers and designers.
Beginning with the ideas of original authors
Chester L. Krause and Clifford Mishler, the
Standard Catalog of World Coins
was
brought into our hobby in 1972 as the
largest and most comprehensive world
coin reference available. Those first few
editions in the early 1970s offered
world coin data for all countries
from the mid-1800s to the then
current day. There were photo-
graphs of many of the coins,
plenty of information on metal
content, descriptions of types
and varieties, date listings
and of course values pre-
sented in multiple grades
of preservation. It was
all that a hobbyist could
want, in one complete
package.
But of course, the bur-
geoning expanse of the
world coin hobby brought
with it new requirements for
added data. Over time we found that
collectors wanted information on ear-
lier time periods, and so our database of
information was developed and expanded
to include coin listings first from the 1700s,
then the 1600s and now even some listings
into the mid-1500s. Related areas to circulating
coins were also researched developed and rolled into
our base of knowledge. Patterns, pieforts, trial strikes
and essais were added to many countries offering steps
of information towards the regular issue coins we had
come to know so well. Tokens and medallic issues were
compiled for eras and areas where regular issue coinage
was scarce or non-existent.
Many experts leant their knowledge and time to these
various expansions and to them our hobby is most
indebted. Many editors came and went over the years;
our staff of experts has over time included some of the
most interesting and well-known people one could ever
hope to meet. The broader base of those contributing
advice and expertise from the field has been a vibrant
ray of sunshine, with so many brilliant people stepping
forward that it makes our minds spin. Along the way the
primary concern for everyone has always been to expand
our base of available knowledge and to present as much
of what we have learned as possible in an affordable and
manageable book form for all to use and enjoy.
Over the years this base of knowledge has come to
encompass a full four hundred years of world coinage
in four catalog volumes, plus a newly developed edition
covering the fledgling 21st century. These five volumes
represent the most cost effective and complete numis-
matic library available in the world today! In that we can
all take a moment of pride and honor.
However, we should never pause for very long, as
there are always new territories to conquer. As in the
past, when we found a need to offer more
specialized catalogs such as the land-
mark
Standard Catalog of German
Coins
and
Standard Catalog of
World Crowns and Talers
, the
classic
Standard Guide to South
Asian Coins and Paper Money
and
Standard Catalog of World
Coins – Spain, Portugal and the
New World
, the refined
Standard
Catalog of World Gold Coins
,
the streamlined
Collecting
World Coins
, our geograph-
ic
North American Coins
& Prices
, the distinctive
Unusual World Coins
, our
innovative
Coins & Currency
of the Middle East
, or the
most recent geographically
oriented
Coins of Northern
Europe and Russia
, we are
always looking for new ways to
better serve our shared hobby.
Our Web design team has devel-
oped NumisMaster, the first-ever on-
line version of the Standard Catalog,
which can be found at www.numismas-
ter.com. This is due, in large part, to the
enthusiastic input of our dedicated readers.
Keep writing, we love to hear from you!
As we look towards the future, this new edition com-
pleted and out in use, we would like to take a moment
to ask a favor of you, our readers. While you are using
the various volumes of the Standard Catalog series,
please keep in mind that this ever changing, developing
and expanding series of numismatic reference books is
really a living, breathing entity. It’s a book that requires
your attention and nurture. Watch over it carefully, keep
and eye out for possible mistakes, errors and omissions.
Look for an opportunity to participate in its expansion and
refinement. Contact the editorial staff with your observa-
tions, additions and ideas.
Be a part of your hobby through the pages of the most
recognized and respected world coin reference on the
planet!
Best Wishes,
The Editorial Staff of the
Standard Catalog of World Coins
INTRODUCTION
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