Standard Handbook of Engineering Calculations - (Malestrom), engineering

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Source: STANDARD HANDBOOK OF ENGINEERING CALCULATIONS
SECTION 1
CIVIL ENGINEERING
PART 1: STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN
STEEL BEAMS AND PLATE GIRDERS
1.4
Most Economic Section for a Beam with a Continuous Lateral Support under
a Uniform Load
1.5
Most Economic Section for a Beam with Intermittent Lateral Support under
Uniform Load
1.5
Design of a Beam with Reduced Allowable Stress
1.6
Design of a Cover-Plated Beam
1.8
Design of a Continuous Beam
1.11
Shearing Stress in a Beam—Exact Method
1.12
Shearing Stress in a Beam—Approximate Method
1.12
Moment Capacity of a Welded Plate Girder
1.13
Analysis of a Riveted Plate Girder
1.13
Design of a Welded Plate Girder
1.15
STEEL COLUMNS AND TENSION MEMBERS
1.18
Capacity of a Built-Up Column
1.19
Capacity of a Double-Angle Star Strut
1.19
Section Selection for a Column with Two Effective Lengths
1.20
Stress in Column with Partial Restraint against Rotation
1.21
Lacing of Built-Up Column
1.22
Selection of a Column with a Load at an Intermediate Level
1.23
Design of an Axial Member for Fatigue
1.23
Investigation of a Beam Column
1.24
Application of Beam-Column Factors
1.25
Net Section of a Tension Member
1.25
Design of a Double-Angle Tension Member
1.26
PLASTIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES
1.27
Allowable Load on Bar Supported by Rods
1.28
Determination of Section Shape Factors
1.29
Determination of Ultimate Load by the Static Method
1.30
Determining the Ultimate Load by the Mechanism Method
1.31
Analysis of a Fixed-End Beam under Concentrated Load
1.32
Analysis of a Two-Span Beam with Concentrated Loads
1.32
Selection of Sizes for a Continuous Beam
1.34
Mechanism-Method Analysis of a Rectangular Portal Frame
1.36
Analysis of a Rectangular Portal Frame by the Static Method
1.38
Theorem of Composite Mechanisms
1.39
Analysis of an Unsymmetric Rectangular Portal Frame
1.39
Analysis of Gable Frame by Static Method
1.41
Theorem of Virtual Displacements
1.43
Gable-Frame Analysis by Using the Mechanism Method
1.44
Reduction in Plastic-Moment Capacity Caused by Axial Force
1.45
LOAD AND RESISTANCE FACTOR METHOD
1.47
Determining If a Given Beam Is Compact or Noncompact
1.48
Determining Column Axial Shortening with a Specified Load
1.50
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1.1
CIVIL ENGINEERING
1.2
SECTION ONE
Determining the Compressive Strength of a Welded Section
1.50
Determining Beam Flexural Design Strength for Minor- and Major-Axis Bending
1.52
Designing Web Stiffeners for Welded Beams
1.53
Determining the Design Moment and Shear Strength of a Built-up Wide-Flange
Welded Beam Section
1.55
Finding the Lightest Section to Support a Specified Load
1.58
Combined Flexure and Compression in Beam-Columns in a Braced Frame
1.60
Selection of Concrete-Filled Steel Column
1.66
Determining Design Compressive Strength of Composite Columns
1.68
Analyzing a Concrete Slab for Composite Action
1.70
Determining the Design Shear Strength of a Beam Web
1.72
Determining a Bearing Plate for a Beam and Its End Reaction
1.73
Determining Beam Length to Eliminate Bearing Plate
1.75
PART 2: HANGERS, CONNECTORS, AND WIND-STRESS ANALYSIS
Design of an Eyebar
1.76
Analysis of a Steel Hanger
1.77
Analysis of a Gusset Plate
1.78
Design of a Semirigid Connection
1.79
Riveted Moment Connection
1.80
Design of a Welded Flexible Beam Connection
1.83
Design of a Welded Seated Beam Connection
1.84
Design of a Welded Moment Connection
1.85
Rectangular Knee of Rigid Bent
1.86
Curved Knee of Rigid Bent
1.87
Base Plate for Steel Column Carrying Axial Load
1.88
Base for Steel Column with End Moment
1.89
Grillage Support for Column
1.90
Wind-Stress Analysis by Portal Method
1.92
Wind-Stress Analysis by Cantilever Method
1.94
Wind-Stress Analysis by Slope-Deflection Method
1.96
Wind Drift of a Building
1.98
Reduction in Wind Drift by Using Diagonal Bracing
1.99
Light-Gage Steel Beam with Unstiffened Flange
1.100
Light-Gage Steel Beam with Stiffened Compression Flange
1.101
PART 3: REINFORCED CONCRETE
DESIGN OF FLEXURAL MEMBERS BY ULTIMATE-STRENGTH METHOD
1.104
Capacity of a Rectangular Beam
1.106
Design of a Rectangular Beam
1.106
Design of the Reinforcement in a Rectangular Beam of Given Size
1.107
Capacity of a T Beam
1.107
Capacity of a T Beam of Given Size
1.108
Design of Reinforcement in a T Beam of Given Size
1.108
Reinforcement Area for a Doubly Reinforced Rectangular Beam
1.109
Design of Web Reinforcement
1.111
Determination of Bond Stress
1.112
Design of Interior Span of a One-Way Slab
1.113
Analysis of a Two-Way Slab by the Yield-Line Theory
1.115
DESIGN OF FLEXURAL MEMBERS BY THE WORKING-STRESS METHOD
1.117
Stresses in a Rectangular Beam
1.118
Capacity of a Rectangular Beam
1.119
Design of Reinforcement in a Rectangular Beam of Given Size
1.120
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CIVIL ENGINEERING
CIVIL ENGINEERING
1.3
Design of a Rectangular Beam
1.121
Design of Web Reinforcement
1.122
Capacity of a T Beam
1.123
Design of a T Beam Having Concrete Stressed to Capacity
1.124
Design of a T Beam Having Steel Stressed to Capacity
1.125
Reinforcement for Doubly Reinforced Rectangular Beam
1.126
Deflection of a Continuous Beam
1.127
DESIGN OF COMPRESSION MEMBERS BY ULTIMATE-STRENGTH METHOD
1.128
Analysis of a Rectangular Member by Interaction Diagram
1.129
Axial-Load Capacity of Rectangular Member
1.131
Allowable Eccentricity of a Member
1.132
DESIGN OF COMPRESSION MEMBERS BY WORKING-STRESS METHOD
1.132
Design of a Spirally Reinforced Column
1.132
Analysis of a Rectangular Member by Interaction Diagram
1.133
Axial-Load Capacity of a Rectangular Member
1.136
DESIGN OF COLUMN FOOTINGS
1.136
Design of an Isolated Square Footing
1.137
Combined Footing Design
1.138
CANTILEVER RETAINING WALLS
1.141
Design of a Cantilever Retaining Wall
1.142
PART 4: PRESTRESSED CONCRETE
Determination of Prestress Shear and Moment
1.147
Stresses in a Beam with Straight Tendons
1.148
Determination of Capacity and Prestressing Force for a Beam
with Straight Tendons
1.150
Beam with Deflected Tendons
1.152
Beam with Curved Tendons
1.153
Determination of Section Moduli
1.154
Effect of Increase in Beam Span
1.154
Effect of Beam Overload
1.155
Prestressed-Concrete Beam Design Guides
1.155
Kern Distances
1.156
Magnel Diagram Construction
1.157
Camber of a Beam at Transfer
1.158
Design of a Double-T Roof Beam
1.159
Design of a Posttensioned Girder
1.162
Properties of a Parabolic Arc
1.166
Alternative Methods of Analyzing a Beam with Parabolic Trajectory
1.167
Prestress Moments in a Continuous Beam
1.168
Principle of Linear Transformation
1.170
Concordant Trajectory of a Beam
1.171
Design of Trajectory to Obtain Assigned Prestress Moments
1.171
Effect of Varying Eccentricity at End Support
1.172
Design of Trajectory for a Two-Span Continuous Beam
1.173
Reactions for a Continuous Beam
1.178
Steel Beam Encased in Concrete
1.178
Composite Steel-and-Concrete Beam
1.180
Design of a Concrete Joist in a Ribbed Floor
1.183
Design of a Stair Slab
1.184
Free Vibratory Motion of a Rigid Bent
1.185
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CIVIL ENGINEERING
1.4
SECTION ONE
REFERENCES
Brockenbrough—
Structural Steel Designer’s Handbook
, McGraw-Hill; Fleming—
Construction Technology
,
Blackwell; ASCE—
Minimum Design Loads for Building and Other Structures
, American Society of Civil Engi-
neers; Kalamkarov—
Analysis, Design and Optimization of Composite Structures
, Wiley; Bruneau—
Ductile
Design of Steel Structures
, McGraw-Hill; AISC Committee—
Manual of Steel Construction Load and Resistance
Factor Design
, American Institute of Steel Construction; Simon—
Sound Control in Building
, Blackwell;
Wrobel—
The Boundary Element Method
, Wiley; Taranath—
Steel, Concrete, and Composite Design of Tall
Buildings
, McGraw-Hill; Fryer—
The Practice of Construction Management
, Blackwell; Gurdal—
Design and
Optimization of Laminated Composite Materials
, Wiley; Mays—
Stormwater Collection Systems Design Hand-
book
, McGraw-Hill; Cain—
Performance Measurements for Construction Profitability
, Blackwell; Hosack—
Land Development Calculations
, McGraw-Hill; Kirkham—
Whole Life-Cycle Costing
, Blackwell;
Peurifoy—
Construction Planning, Equipment and Methods
, McGraw-Hill; Hicks—
Civil Engineering Formulas
,
McGraw-Hill; Mays—
Urban Stormwater Management Tools
, McGraw-Hill; Mehta—
Guide to the Use of the
Wind Loads of ASCE 7-02,
ASCE; Kutz—
Handbook of Transportation Engineering
, McGraw-Hill; Prakash—
Water Resources Engineering
, ASCE; Mikhelson—
Structural Engineering Formulas
, McGraw-Hill; Najafi—
Trenchless Technology
, McGraw-Hill; Mays—
Water Supply Systems Security
, McGraw-Hill;
Pansuhev—
Insulating Concrete Forms Construction
, McGraw-Hill; Chen—
Bridge Engineering
, McGraw-Hill;
Karnovsky—
Free Vibrations of Beams and Frames
, McGraw-Hill; Karnovsky—
Non-Classical Vibrations of
Arches and Beams
, McGraw-Hill; Loftin—
Standard Handbook for Civil Engineers
, McGraw-Hill; Newman—
Metal Building Systems
, McGraw-Hill; Girmscheid—
Fundamentals of Tunnel Construction
, Wiley; Darwin—
Design of Concrete Structures
, McGraw-Hill; Gohler—
Incrementally Launched Bridges: Design and
Construction
, Wiley.
PART 1
STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN
Steel Beams and Plate Girders
In the following calculation procedures, the design of steel members is executed in accordance with
the
Specification for the Design, Fabrication and Erection of Structural Steel for Buildings
of the
American Institute of Steel Construction. This specification is presented in the AISC
Manual of Steel
Construction
.
Most allowable stresses are functions of the yield-point stress, denoted as
F
y
in the
Manual.
The
appendix of the
Specification
presents the allowable stresses associated with each grade of structural
steel together with tables intended to expedite the design. The
Commentary
in the
Specification
explains the structural theory underlying the
Specification.
Unless otherwise noted, the structural members considered here are understood to be made of
ASTM A36 steel, having a yield-point stress of 36,000 lb/in
2
(248,220.0 kPa).
The notational system used conforms with that given, and it is augmented to include the follow-
ing:
A
w
=
area of flange, in
2
(cm
2
);
A
w
=
area of web, in
2
(cm
2
);
b
f
=
width of flange, in (mm);
d
=
depth of section, in (mm);
d
w
=
depth of web, in (mm);
t
f
=
thickness of flange, in (mm);
t
w
=
thick-
ness of web, in (mm);
L
′ =
unbraced length of compression flange, in (mm);
f
y
=
yield-point stress,
lb/in
2
(kPa).
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Any use is subject to the Terms of Use as given at the website.
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